The Works of Rene Descartes

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And Kant’s most complete treatment of value, the second Critique’s “On the Concept of an Object of Pure Practical Reason”, appears to be a relentless attack on any sort of teleological moral theory. “The concept of good and evil” he states, “must not be determined before the moral law (for which, as it would seem, this concept would have to be made the basis) but only (as was done here) after it and by means of it” (CPrR 5:63). Irrespective of whether we are believers or agnostics, whether we believe in God or Karma, everyone can pursue moral ethics.

Ethics and the Management of Computer Technology (National

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Even if Kant is drawing on an originally Aristotelian and potentially conservative view of human nature, the context of his own thought is the Enlightenment, the aftermath of the liberalism launched by John Locke and the American Revolution, and the metaphysical structure of Kant's own philosophy. Of course you would need to take a liberal view every now and again to test the first premise. This has been widely criticised as inconsistent, and unfair to the women who have to suffer the stress and delay associated with travelling for treatment.

The Genealogy of Morals (Dover Thrift Editions)

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In A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory -- a Blackwell Publishing book surveying contemporary legal theory-- in the article "Tort Law" by Stephen R. Barry Hallen has taught philosophy at the Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria. This considerably revised second edition of Philosopy from Africa presents the current philosophical debate in Africa to a diverse, multicultural world. Students of ethics should immerse themselves in the past masters before looking at recent ethical theories - you need to appreciate the 'narrative context' (seeing the development of ethics as a story).

An Introduction to Ethics: Five Central Problems of Moral

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But he also forgives his own brother Antonio and Alonso's brother Sebastian, even though they do not evidently repent and are not worthy of forgiveness -- even as Prospero specifies, "They, being penitent," as the condition of his forgiveness. The means thereto is virtue, which makes us independent of external goods -- so far as that is possible -- and which wisely discriminates between the pleasures to be sought after and those that are to be shunned.

The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global

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More particularly, what is the basis for the value of human beings? Sternberg, "The New Psychology of Love", Yale University Press, New Haven, London ©2006, page 8. The independence of nations and the break-up of colonial rule are further examples of ethical pressures overwhelming the force of law. All of these involve significant elements of experience and sensitivity. Otherworldly happiness, which is our ultimate goal, cannot be achieved without certain worldly goods.

The Liberty Option

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As it happens, Kant gives us an example of altruistic moralism hard on the heels of his duty to preserve one's own life: "To be kind where one can is a duty" [op.cit., p.14, Wohltätig sein, wo man kann, ist Pflicht, p.398]. Ethics is an art as it sets guidelines for practical conduct and also for understanding the meaning of what it is to act in an ethical manner. The Bewaji, Van Binsbergen and Ramose Debate on 'Ubuntu'. May be repeated for credit with change in content and approval of instructor.

Teaching Values and Citizenship Across the Curriculum:

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If there are any differences, what conclusions would you draw about the way we define the moral ballpark? The fact that such customs vary from culture to culture (such as ritual suicide once practiced in Japan to atone for dishonor) shows we must be learning the values from those around us. Responding to anon49863: Wouldn't that directly depend on the moral man's character as a whole? We shall not correct the evil of worldliness until we do two things: (1) Call for a new birth, and put a stop to the evil of baptizing carnal-minded, unregenerate people who join churches rather than becoming children of God by the new birth, and (2) discipline with all the power of truth in love those who are members of the Christian fellowship.

Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 10

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From the dawn of philosophy, the question concerning the summum bonum, or, what is the same thing, concerning the foundation of morality, has been accounted the main problem in speculative thought, has occupied the most gifted intellects, and divided them into sects and schools, carrying on a vigorous warfare against one another. If you believe it is right then the foundations of an entire galaxy of moral and ethical rules that define civilized behavior is placed at risk.

Ethical Programs: Hospitality and the Rhetorics of Software

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By studying that history, you become aware of the common errors and problems that philosophers have identified in moral beliefs of the past; consequently, you can better avoid them when developing your own moral views. He whose hand will tremble, who will stop midway, whose knees will shake before he destroys tens and hundreds of enemies, he will lead the revolution into danger. It is this belief that leads to a conflict that I will explain shortly, and which results in the religious conservatives' opposition not only to secular humanism, but to teaching values and morals in a neutral and secular context in the public schools.

Dissertation on the progress of ethical philosophy, chiefly

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The guidance is slightly ambiguous as to whether the Mental Capacity is required at the time of the decision, at the time of the suicide, or both. They recognize that every living species has a way of survival demanded by its nature, they do not claim that a fish can live out of water or that a dog can live without its sense of smell—but man, they claim, the most complex of beings, man can survive in any way whatever, man has no identity, no nature, and there’s no practical reason why he cannot live with his means of survival destroyed, with his mind throttled and placed at the disposal of any orders they might care to issue.