New Essays on the Explanation of Action

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Does moral psychology need moral theory?: The case of self-research. The teacher then offers a relativist explanation.´ The student asks ³Who determines what is fair or unfair?´ and the teacher claims that her view of what is fair is as valid as any other.´ When the student asks for an explanation..g. any other stakeholders? o What reasons would you offer to the dean in an appeal to have the grade changed? o What consequences would this professor¶s practice have on education? 3-10. how would you defend your own. opposing view? o Are there any relevant facts on which you would rely on to support your claim? o What values are involved in this dispute? o What alternatives are available to you? o Besides you and your teacher. are there any other people who are or should be involved in this situation.

Golden Nuggets from Sir John Templeton

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Moreover, there are wrong or morally bad laws and rules. Lastly, we have the ability to make changes though moral self-reflection. And this we must admit, that the judgment of those who would very much lower the lofty eulogies of the advantages which reason gives us in regard to the happiness and satisfaction of life, or who would even reduce them below zero, is by no means morose or ungrateful to the goodness with which the world is governed, but that there lies at the root of these judgments the idea that our existence has a different and far nobler end, for which, and not for happiness, reason is properly intended, and which must, therefore, be regarded as the supreme condition to which the private ends of man must, for the most part, be postponed.

Essays in Quasi-Realism

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Moral autonomy combines will and reason. "Innocent" means that the other is not actually committing or effecting a wrong, whether or not they intend wrong (although they actually are morally innocent if they do not intent wrong and are not negligent). Free inquiry must not be infringed, and truth never suppressed. These accounts can of course be taken to underwrite various forms of morality in the descriptive sense. Nagel (1979) gives a similar example of a driver who takes his eyes off the road for a second.

The Ethics of the Christian Life, Vol. 25 (Classic Reprint)

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These ethical issues are hotly debated because the answer generally comes down to personal opinion or philosophy. Moral Ethics - How Do We Make Our Decisions? These dilemmas force leaders to manage the ethical implications of these changes. Smith noted that a European peasant was now materially better off than an African king, but he attributed this not to any innate European superiority (as all too many 19th century political economists did) but to changes in the political economy.

The Ethics of Memory

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Kant recognized that there seems to be a deep tension between these two claims: If causal determinism is true then, it seems, we cannot have the kind of freedom that morality presupposes, which is “a kind of causality” that “can be active, independently of alien causes determining it” (G 4:446). Moral arrogance and moral certitude inhibit the thoughtful assessment needed in ethical practice. When asked what happened, he replied, "Wherever I go, the chicken sees."

FEAR AND TREMBLING

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Normative ethical arguments, i.e., arguments that involve moral or ethical claims, provide a unique dimension, as well as pose unique problems, to philosophical analysis. And how do we evaluate all the people you affected during that time with the mental states that I helped create? The value judgment here though is aesthetic, rather than moral. And for Aristotle this was, "what do men fundamentally desire?" Do the facts of environmental science have moral implications?

Ethics and the Will: Essays (Vienna Circle Collection)

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Or “Maximizing the well-being of turnips”. Let’s look more closely into those matters. What lying is, first of all, is controversial, and I have discussed this matter elsewhere. No one else can dictate its content�to let someone else tell us who to be would be to give up our freedom to be ourselves. Here, he has a talent for presenting the issues in understandable terms. The most common forms of consequentialism are the various versions of utilitarianism, which favour actions that produce the greatest amount of happiness.

History Of European Morals: From Augustus To Charlemagne,

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The better books are Sherwin (1998), Twerski (1997) and Kushner (1996), all three Rabbis. This is called the correlativity of rights and duties. Gert offers the following explicit definition of morality: Morality is an informal public system applying to all rational persons, governing behavior that affects others, and has the lessening of evil or harm as its goal. A similar kind of ethical developmentalism can be read out of Being and Time, although there we notice a radicalization of Aristotle's formulations.

An Embarrassment of Riches: Tapping Into the World's

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In this early state, promises existed only between equals, a responsibility toward immediate family and perhaps fellow warriors, certainly not toward the downtrodden. Thus, if we ask why someone would not commit a murder, the melancholic answers, "It would be wrong," the sanguine, "I couldn't hurt anyone like that," the choleric, "I would embarrass and dishonor my parents and myself," and the phlegmatic, "I might get caught." One might have thought that this question is quite easy to settle.

Lotze's System of Philosophy: Logic - Of Thought, of

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We all know we’d help if needed, but the substance of our friendship does not revolve around mutual backscratching. Hill's essays, especially "Servility and Self-Respect," reprinted in his Autonomy and Self Respect (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991) and his Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant's Moral Theory (Ithaca: Cornell, 1992); Onora O'Neill's numerous essays collected in her Constructions of Reason (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) as well as her earlier work, Acting on Principle (New York: Columbia University Press, 1975, published under the name of Onora Nell), which addresses the question of how Kant's categorical imperative can actually be applied to specific actions; and Barbara Herman's essays, "On the Value of Acting from the Motive of Duty," Philosophical Review, Vol. 90 (1981), pp. 358-382; "The Practice of Moral Judgment," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 82, No. 8 (August, 1985), pp. 414- 36; "Integrity and Impartiality," The Monist, Vol. 66, No. 2 (April, 1983), pp. 234-50; "Obligation and Performance: A Kantian Account of Moral Conflict," Identity, Character, and Morality, edited by Owen Flanagan and Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (Cambridge: MIT press, 1990), pp. 311-38; and her, "Agency, Attachment, and Difference," Ethics, Vol. 101, No. 4 (July, 1991), pp. 775-97.